Qatar Travel Guide
We warmly invite you to visit The State of Qatar where you will discover a land of contrasts, dynamic and exciting, yet with a sense of timeless serenity and tradition. Qatar brings together old World hospitality with cosmopolitan sophistication, the chance to enjoy a rich cultural tapestry, new experiences and adventures. You're sure to be captivated.
It is the World's richest country per capita and has the highest human development in the Arab World; furthermore, it is recognized as a high income economy by the World Bank. It has the World's third largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves in excess of 25 billion barrels. Following Ottoman rule, Qatar became a British protectorate in the early 20th century until gaining independence in 1971. It has been ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-19th century.
Qatar occupies a small peninsula that extends into the Arabian Gulf from the east side of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia is to the west and the United Arab Emirates to the south. The country is mainly barren.
Human habitation of this Peninsula dates as far as 50,000 years back, when small groups of Stone Age inhabitants built coastal encampments, settlements, and sites for working flint, according to archaeological evidences. Other finds have included pottery from the Al Ubaid culture of Mesopotamia and northern Arabia (ca. 5000 B.C.), rock carvings, burial mounds, and a large town that dates from about 500 B.C. at Wusail, twenty kilometers north of Doha. The Qatar Peninsula was close enough to the Dilmun civilization (ca. 4000 to 2000 B.C.) in Bahrain to have felt its influence.
The peninsula was used almost continuously as rangeland for nomadic tribes from Najd and Al Hasa regions in Saudi Arabia with seasonal encampments around water sources. In addition, fishing & pearling settlements were established on those parts of the coast near major wells.
Best time to visit Qatar
Qatar's weather pattern is similar to that of Europe, although the weather here is hotter and drier. Summers (April to October) are hot and humid with very little rain. Winters (November to March) are cool with limited rain, while Spring (February to April) is cool and pleasant. If you happen to visit Qatar in summer, there are plenty of air-conditioned amenities to make your summer visit tolerable. The winter months are chilly in the evenings, but, with pleasant daytime temperatures. During Spring, the desert is laced in a transparent lime green, decorated with petunias, making it the ideal time to visit.